Signs and Symptoms of Autism in Your Child

Autism is a neurological disorder, meaning it’s an inborn condition that has emotional impact on the way the brain develops. It’s also known as autistic disorder or infantile autism where it’s a disorder that one is born with and will live with in your entire life. For more details visit the Autism Society

Autism is among the five general development disorders (PDDs) that are categorized as the following; Asperger’s syndrome, Rett disorder, Pervasive development disorder (PDD-NOS), Childhood disintegrative disorder and autism. In order for your child to start treatment regimen, the psychologists and therapists will use these categories to classify your child.

When a child is born with autism, it is usually not officially diagnosed till the child expresses clear outward signs, normally around age 3 or so. However, everyone is not the same and oversimplifications should be viewed carefully.

Having an early intervention is very significant as it’s been shown that early and accurate treatment and therapy allows a lot of of those with autism to learn and prosper in life by having a normal and productive life.

Symptoms of Autism

There are some of common mannerisms of autism, though every autistic person is a unique individual in his or her own ways. Some of the common traits among autistic people are:

  • Problems interrelating with others, hence poor social skills
  • Abnormal response to sensory issues such as light, smell, sound and touch
  • Troubles with communication
  • Has self-injurious or hostile behavior such as biting themselves or head banging
  • Limited interests or repetitive actions

Autistic people have adequate mental health retardation while roughly a third of them have normal IQ. This means that autistic people have a higher possibility of developing epilepsy than the overall population.

Asperger’s syndrome is also referred to as high-functioning autism, and those who have it have a higher-than-average IQs and function in the same way as those who don’t have autism.

Research data shows that autistic people, both young and old may differ a little in their skills and the amount to which they reveal the symptoms of autism. A lot of them show affection and emotions where they respond to family and friends, circumstances alike to non-autistic people.

Their conditions may differ as some may be mentally retarded and nonverbal while others may be bright and possess good communication skills. Autism is described as spectrum disorder as autism differs from person to person, where the varying labels often used to clarify the degree along the “spectrum” where a person falls. These descriptions entail of having autistic tendencies, high& low functioning autism, autistic-like and being on the autism spectrum.

Irrespective of where a child fall along spectrum, they are probable to show complications with social communication such as trouble with carrying on a conversation, lack of eye contact and difficulty in taking another person’s perspective. Autism can vary greatly from person to person where some are nearly silent while others will talk your ear off, others cannot stand loud music while others do not get affected in such environments.

There are many mythologies and generalities about people with autism which are not true. Autistic people whether young or old are all unique individuals each of them portraying their own unique personalities. Some do well in school, others don’t, some are outgoing, and others are reserved, some will never hold a typical job, others will get a steady paying job and so forth. Just like any other person, you will have to spend some time with an autistic person in order to know them better.

 

 

 

 

What Causes Autism

Researchers are yet to fully understand autism causes which are a complex mix of genetic and environmental factors. Genetics play a significant role in autism; this study has been done in identical and fraternal twins.

It’s not that simple to define autism as the disorder covers an extensive range of symptoms and severity that can vary from slight to debilitating. An autistic person may portray interests or get occupied in abnormal, repetitive behavior. It causes slight to unbearable impairment, subject to the severity of the symptoms.

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Autism is in a collection of correlated disorders together known as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). As its name implies, autism spectrum describes a variety of symptoms, instead of particular disorders. They include Retts syndrome, Asperger’s syndrome, pervasive development disorder and childhood disintegrative disorder.

Rett’s Syndrome happens to be one of the rarest forms and is normally caused by genetic mutations, where it’s very rare to be found in boys, meaning is just about exclusive to girls.

Asperger’s syndrome is the least severe form of autism where it’s normally referred to as high functioning autism because one has the ability to talk about their favorite things continuously. It’s more often found in boys than in girls.

Childhood disintegrative disorder is the most severe autism around and is generally referred to as CDD in medical terms. The impairments are exceedingly severe and could cause seizures. It’s regularly found in boys that it is in girls.

Genetic Causes

Most causes have no particular identifiable cause; however the tendency of the disorders of the autism spectrum to run in families proposes a genetic component. There is a 3 to 8 percent chance of a family with one autistic child, that their other children will be autistic too.

Studies of twins demonstrate the significance of genetics in finding causes. When one twin is autistic, studies show a 30 percent chance that the other twin is also autistic. Studies reveal hat families of autistic children have a much greater degree of constrained interests or reduced social skills and also communication flaws, all of which are symbols of definitive autism that fall within autism spectrum.

Environmental Causes

As many researchers have come to believe is that as much as the potential for autism lies in genetics, environmental factors are also needed to initiate the disease. Some of the environmental causes that have been identified as facilitators for autism are:

  • Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Rubella
  • Bacterial Meningitis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Some metabolic disorders
  • Developmental brain disorders
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Fragile X syndrome

These conditions may interact with existing genetic factors; however the disorders are not considered definitive causes where most children who experience these conditions do not develop autism.

There has been numerous unproven thought of causes of autism. One of them is an early theory that an uncaring or distant mother may cause autism. Another one is that the mercury used in vaccinations has also been a speculation where there is no link between vaccination and autism that has ever been found.

What most researchers have come to conclude is that the cause is traced from more than one gene. They believe that numerous different genes contribute to the development of autism. It has been speculated that in the future, autism will be documented as a similar, but distinct diseases.

 

 

Living with Autism

Living with autism may be stressful for other family members and anyone else who may be living in the same household. Consistency and patience is the key to successfully living with autism because treatment varies from one person to another and there is no cure for the condition. Autism can be described as a bio-neurological disorder affecting a person’s ability to communicate effectively and interact socially. The following are some tips you can use when you are living with a peons who has autism:

Autism-Awareness

Make sure you are constantly addressing the stress that can happen when you are in charge of an autistic

individual by ensuring every member of the household has their own time and they also share responsibility. Take not that even a few minutes a day can be a great relief for a caregiver of an autistic individual.

Use resources that can assist you care for an autistic individual. For example, you can take a look at the American Society of Autisms website. You will find a lot of resources to help you such as a links to qualified speech therapists, occupational therapists and psychologists, as well as government programs, camps, schools and physicians. You can also meet up with people living with autism by using online support groups and communities such as livestrong.com.

Safety should be the priority of your home especially when you are caring for an autistic person. A lot of precautions are similar to the ones that people would take when caring for small children and toddlers. They are prevention of access to hot water faucets and stoves, covering all electrical outlets, placing gates in front of staircases, installation of child proof locks on cabinets and doors and so forth.

The siblings of the autistic person should not be neglected.  Sisters and brothers of the autistic individual may feel frustrated and / or embarrassed when they are asked questions about their autistic sibling. They may also feel neglected and forgotten by parents who devote most of their time to care for the autistic sibling. Make sure you provide enough attention to the siblings of the person with autism.

Always make plans for the future of a person with autism. Once he becomes of age, he will have to be enrolled in an IEP (individualized education program) at school.  At this juncture, he will be offered occupation and behavioral therapy that will assist in his preparation for adulthood. An ITP (Individualized transition plan) will then have to be implemented. This can only be effective is the school and the health care team of the autistic person combine their efforts.

Warnings / tips

As the caregiver of the autistic child, it may be very challenging to limit your stress. You can do so by keeping a daily journal. Alternatively, you can opt to write an online blog that details your experience as an autistic care giver. Either way, make sure you indulge in activities that assist you maintain perspective while reducing your stress levels.  This is the only way you can be able to live with autism successfully.